Diabetic Eye Exams in Richmond Hill & Bolton

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Protect Your Eyes from Diabetic Complications

If you have diabetes, you’re likely no stranger to how it impacts your overall health. High blood sugar levels related to diabetes can damage the blood vessels in the retina. Since the retina plays a significant role in eyesight, diabetes can put your vision at risk. 

In fact, eye disease due to diabetes is the leading cause of preventable blindness in North America in those between 30 and 69.

Annual eye exams are an important tool for detecting diabetic eye diseases early. With early intervention, eye diseases can be treated and future eye damage can be prevented. At IndividualEyes, we use advanced, noninvasive diagnostic equipment to uncover changes in your eyes that could indicate diabetic eye diseases. 

Our trained and experienced team is here to support your eye health. Call us to book your diabetic eye exam.

How Diabetes Affects the Eyes

Temporary high blood sugar levels can sometimes cause blurred vision that lasts only a few days or weeks. This blurring occurs when blood sugar levels cause swelling in the eye tissues responsible for focusing your vision. When your blood levels return to normal, this blurred vision will go away. 

If your blood sugar levels stay high over a long period, it can damage the delicate blood vessels in your retina. Most serious eye diabetic diseases are caused by blood vessel problems. This damage can occur even in those with prediabetes.

Diabetes increases your risk of developing cataracts and glaucoma, but even more seriously, diabetes can lead to diabetic retinopathy.

What Is Diabetic Retinopathy?

The retina is the tissue at the back of the eye that absorbs light and decodes visual images for your brain. Diabetic retinopathy damages the fragile blood vessels that supply the retina, causing them to weaken, swell, and potentially break. 

Early diabetic retinopathy can develop with no symptoms or only mild vision problems. As the disease advances, damaged blood vessels close off, prompting new, abnormal blood vessels to grow on the surface of the retina. These new blood vessels can cause scarring and lead to serious vision problems

Diabetic retinopathy affects 23% of patients with type 1 diabetes and 14% of patients with type 2 diabetes.

Diagnosing Diabetic Retinopathy

Diabetic retinopathy can be detected and diagnosed during a diabetic eye exam. These exams are designed to detect and monitor diabetic eye diseases like retinopathy. We use fundus photography and optical coherence tomography (OCT) to get a highly detailed look at your internal eye structures.

Fundus photography is a noninvasive test that takes a series of high-definition, colour images through your pupils. It takes images of internal eye structures including the retina, blood vessels, optic disc, macula, and posterior pole.

OCT is also noninvasive and uses light waves to take cross-sectional images of the distinctive layers of your retina. These images allow us to measure the thickness of your retinal layers to help with diagnosis.

Not only are these tests useful for detecting diabetic eye diseases, but they can also help us diagnose conditions like glaucoma, age-related macular degeneration, and retinal detachment.

Early stages of diabetic retinopathy can be managed simply by controlling your blood sugar levels and blood pressure. Your optometrist will also want to see you regularly to monitor your disease.

If diabetic retinopathy progresses, it can be controlled with anti-VEGF injections, laser treatment, or surgery. These treatments are more effective when the disease is caught early, so regular eye exams are crucial.

Our Locations

Richmond Hill

Come by our beautiful Richmond Hill location on Tower Hill Road just down from William Neal Community Park. We’re right between Tower Hill-Bathurst Animal Hospital and Aviva Nails, and there’s lots of parking available.

  • 9-372 Tower Hill Road
  • Richmond Hill, ON L4E 0T8


Find our Bolton location downtown in a unique century house on the corner of King Street West and Ann Street, right across from the Lavender Rose Day Spa and down from Tim Hortons. We have reserved parking for our patients at the rear of our building.

  • 23 King Street West
  • Bolton, ON L7E 5T5

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