Eye Disease Diagnosis & Management in Bolton & Richmond Hill

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Protect Your Eyes with Regular Eye Exams

We rely on our eyes every day, so it’s important to do what we can to protect them. And the best way to protect them is with routine eye exams

An essential part of an eye exam is comprehensive eye disease testing. At IndividualEyes, we’ve invested in advanced diagnostic technology so we can detect and diagnose eye diseases in their early stages. But even an eye disease diagnosis doesn’t mean you’ll lose your vision. 

If you’re diagnosed with an eye disease, we’ll work closely with you to monitor your condition and design a personalized treatment plan to prevent future vision loss. 

Add IndividualEyes to your healthcare team and protect your and your family’s eye health. Please call us today to book your appointment.

Common Eye Diseases

The leading causes of blindness in Canada are eye diseases, including: 

Many of these eye diseases progress without symptoms. So, even if your vision is stable and your eyes feel fine, you should still have regular eye exams. Eye exams are designed to uncover early signs of eye diseases before a disease can damage your eyes. 

Your and your family’s eye health is our top priority, so at IndividualEyes, we include testing for all common eye diseases in every eye exam.


Cataracts are the clouding of the eye’s natural lens. They’re generally a natural part of aging, although some cataracts occur at birth or after an injury. Cataracts form when the proteins in the lens start to clump together, forming opaque areas that can lead to vision loss.

Mild cataracts can usually be corrected with glasses or contact lenses. But if your eyewear no longer helps and your cataracts start to impact your quality of life, they can be surgically removed.

Nearly everyone will get cataracts at some point, and there’s no known way to prevent them. However, you may be able to help slow their growth by wearing sunglasses when outdoors and eating antioxidant-rich foods.

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) occurs when the macula (the part of the eye responsible for sharp central vision) slowly wears out over time. As the name suggests, it’s generally age-related and primarily affects those over 55.

There are 2 types of AMD:

  • Dry AMD is the more common form and is responsible for 90% of AMD cases. It’s associated with drusen deposits under the retina, which contribute to the slow breakdown of the macula.
  • Wet AMD accounts for 10% of AMD cases, but results in 90% of the cases of legal blindness due to AMD. It’s associated with abnormal blood vessel growth behind the macula. These blood vessels are weak and easily break and leak blood and fluid into the macula. Wet AMD is a medical emergency and requires immediate attention.

You may be able to prevent AMD by wearing UV protection (such as sunglasses), eating a diet rich in antioxidants, and living a healthy lifestyle by keeping your blood pressure down and not smoking.

Glaucoma is a group of several eye diseases that progressively damage the optic nerve. Since the optic nerve is responsible for relaying visual information from your eyes to your brain, damage to it can lead to irreversible vision loss and blindness.

Glaucoma usually progresses painlessly and silently and is often associated with elevated internal eye pressure. The exact cause of glaucoma is unknown, but regular eye exams can help prevent it.

At IndividualEyes, we use non-contact tonometry (the “air puff test”) and applanation tonometry to uncover early warning signs of glaucoma.

Treating Eye Diseases

We know how scary and life-changing an eye disease diagnosis can be. We stay up to date on current treatment practices to provide you with the most effective solutions to protect your eye health. We base our treatment plan recommendations on your particular diagnosis and eye care needs. 

Treatments can include nutrition counselling, prescription medications, vision therapy and exercises, or surgery.

If you’ve been diagnosed with an eye disease, know that our compassionate team is here to support you throughout your experience. Please call us today to book an eye care appointment, and let us become a vital member of your healthcare team.

Our Locations

Richmond Hill

Come by our beautiful Richmond Hill location on Tower Hill Road just down from William Neal Community Park. We’re right between Tower Hill-Bathurst Animal Hospital and Aviva Nails, and there’s lots of parking available.

  • 9-372 Tower Hill Road
  • Richmond Hill, ON L4E 0T8


Find our Bolton location downtown in a unique century house on the corner of King Street West and Ann Street, right across from the Lavender Rose Day Spa and down from Tim Hortons. We have reserved parking for our patients at the rear of our building.

  • 30 Martha Street, Unit 203
  • Bolton, ON L7E 5V1

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Our Blog

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